The End has a rather unusual timeline (PDF) , actually four different timelines, each of its four diagrams showing the progression of end time events according to a major school of interpretation: Historic Premillennialism, Amillennialism, Dispensationalism, and Postmillennialism. [Mid-tribulationism, post-tribulationism, and pre-wrath rapturism, not shown, are considered variants of Dispensationalism. Africanus’s scheme in which Christ has already fulfilled the first three and a half years of Daniel’s seventh week would be a variant of...Read More
items tagged with jesus christ
A beloved guide shows how to follow Christ.
England’s archbishop answers why Christ became a man.
The battle over Christ’s Divinity.
Implications of Christ becoming a man.
The Path of Jesus2007
Study guide for the DVD which looks at seven turning points in the life of Christ. order the video
The Parables of Jesus2005
Study guide for the dvd. order the video
• Bronze Crown Award - Best Series - 2007 International Christian Visual Media Crown Awards
People Who Met Jesus, series 22004
Study guide for the DVD which looks at how individuals responded when they met Jesus. order the video
Christianity and Islam2004
Study guide for the DVD, which was based on Dr. Timothy George's book Is the Father of Jesus the God of Muhammed?
Jesus the New Way1998
Jesus: The New Way presents Jesus as you have never seen him before, asking how He understood himself, in his original context, in the setting of first century Judaism.
• Chris Statuette at Columbus International Film & Video Festival 1998
• Gold Award at Worldfest Flagstaff 1998
The Test of Time2001
A co-production with the BBC, the full title of this program is Putting the teachings of Jesus to the Test of Time, and that is what it does.
• Commitment—Columbus Int’l Film & Video, Honorable Mention 2001.
• Worldfest Houston, Gold Special Jury Award—Family Matters for Film and Video Production 2002.
• 2002 Crown Awards, Gold Award for Best Documentary, Best Series & Best Curriculum, Bronze Award for Best Youth Film.
• 2001 British Academy of Film & Television Arts Festival, Best Young People’s Factual TV Program.
• 2002 Cindy Competition, Silver Int’l. Cindy Award 2003.
History of Christian Worship Series2012
For followers of Jesus Christ, worship has spanned over two thousand years to include a long and diverse history of sacred practices. The many ways in which the faithful have preserved and celebrated God’s story is limited only by the human imagination.
• Part 1 won the 2011 WorldFest Houston Gold REMI award.
One of the most basic Christian claims is that God became a human being in the Incarnation. But why? Couldn’t an omnipotent God forgive and redeem humans simply by an act of will?
In the early church, many argued that God offered Jesus as a ransom to the devil for humanity; the devil eagerly accepted this sinless human being, only to be overcome...Read More
A t the announcement that Jesus would be born, at his birth, and then again at his crucifixion, Mary of Nazareth is a central figure. Indeed, though she has become almost invisible to many Protestants today, she was clearly the most important woman in the life of Jesus. The doctrine of the Incarnation—accepted by Protestants as by all Christians—reminds us just how important.
During the years of her son’s ministry, however, Mary recedes into the background. Between Mary’s losing—and—finding of Jesus as a boy at the Temple and the scene of...Read More
CHRISTIANS WHO LIVED under Muslim rule in the eighth century found themselves with an unusual status—second-class but sometimes respected, more often pitied for their “inferior” religion than directly persecuted. This led to some interesting debates.
Then, as now, some Christians cast the discussion in confrontational terms, while others opted for measured interfaith dialogue. The ways in which John of Damascus (ca. 675–749) and Nestorian Patriarch Timothy I (779–823 or 778–821) approached Islam highlight the contrast.
(Note: Nestorianism,...Read More
T here are also many other things that Jesus did,” wrote the author of John’s Gospel. “If every one of them were written down, I suppose that the world itself could not contain the books that would be written.”
Well, book publishers everywhere are certainly giving it a try.
Hundreds of thousands of books about Jesus are in print by the major publishers alone—not bad for someone for whom every primary source can be read in an afternoon.
N. T. Wright’s latest two books cover both ends of the scholastic spectrum. Jesus and the Victory...Read More
E ven C. S. Lewis was skeptical of searches for the “historical Jesus.” And why not? Even before Albert Schweitzer published his The Quest of the Historical Jesus in 1906, many Christians bemoaned such searches because they usually denied the claims of the Gospels. The quests’ latest manifestation, the Jesus Seminar, has voted out almost every Gospel saying of Jesus as unhistorical.
So why should Christians who believe in a Jesus available to all people of all times even care about what historians say about Jesus’ life on earth?
We posed...Read More
JEWISH FUNERALS almost always took place the same day as the death. The eyes of the deceased were closed, the corpse was washed with perfumes and ointments, its bodily orifices were stopped, and strips of cloth were wrapped tightly around the body—binding the jaw closed, fixing arms to the sides, and tying the feet together. Once prepared, the corpse was placed on a bier or in a coffin and carried out of town in a procession to the family tomb, usually a small rock-cut cave entered through a narrow opening that could be covered with a...Read More
LESS THAN A GENERATION after Jesus’ trial, Joshua son of Hananiah began prophesying judgment against the temple, shouting, “A voice from the east, a voice from the west, a voice from the four winds, a voice against Jerusalem and the holy house, a voice against the bridegrooms and the brides, and a voice against this whole people!”
The priestly aristocracy, who controlled the temple establishment, angrily arrested him. They dragged him before the Roman governor, Albinus, who had Joshua scourged with aflagellum —a leather whip with pieces of...Read More
JESUS'S MOVE from Nazareth to Capernaum (Matt. 4:13) was a strategic decision. Capernaum was on the main highway through Galilee. Both Roman and temple taxes were collected there, likely because it was the eastern outpost of Galilee (the cities further east were Hellenized). The city had royal officials as well as a contingent of Roman soldiers.
By some accounts, the town may have had a population of 10,000 to 15,000 and may have been larger than Nazareth. Though it was not among the largest or most influential of Galilee’s cities, it was...Read More
A CCORDING TO THE GOSPELS, Jesus had several “brothers and sisters” (see “Mary” for possible meanings), but James and Jude are the only ones mentioned elsewhere in the New Testament—James as a leader of the early church in Jerusalem, and Jude in the short letter bearing his name. Originally, Jesus’ family was skeptical of his ministry: “Even his brothers did not believe in him,” says John’s Gospel. Apparently the Resurrection changed their minds, because they joined Mary and the disciples in the Upper Room to wait for the Holy Spirit.
18 B.C.?–A.D. 48?
History’s most venerated mother
T hough Mary plays a key role in the birth stories of Matthew and Luke, she is scarcely mentioned in the other two Gospels and not at all in the New Testament letters. Yet Mary today is the most venerated woman in history.
Roman Catholic tradition says she was born in Jerusalem to Joachim and Anne, who were elderly and childless. Gospel references begin when she was probably about 14 years old, already engaged to a man named Joseph (Jewish women were generally married shortly after they...Read More
CHRISTIANS AND NON-CHRISTIANS alike have argued over the “real” Jesus since the first century. Conclusions have ranged from the merely odd (like the Gnostic Jesuses who spoke with mystical vagueness) to the absurd (some have argued Jesus didn’t even exist).
Recent historical scholarship has narrowed our options substantially. Ironically, we now know more about Jesus and his world than we have in centuries. “One scholar poignantly joked that the third quest for the historical Jesus threatens to become a quest of the historical Galilee,”...Read More
IT DIDN"T HIT ME until I was in the middle of editing the issue: we were about to tell readers about Jesus.
It isn’t just a matter of getting it historically right. It goes without saying that at Christian History history is the priority. But I’ve felt the weight of presenting Jesus honestly and accurately because, well, he’s my master, not to mention Lord of the cosmos. I want to get Luther, Calvin, and Wesley right because I respect them. But Jesus is someone I've given my life to. I really—really—want to get him right.
Some people may...Read More
THE POPULATION OF PALESTINE in Jesus’ day was approximately 500,000 to 600,000 (about that of Vermont, Boston, or Jerusalem today). About 18,000 of these residents were clergy, priests and Levites. Jerusalem was a city of some 55,000, (about the size of Wheaton, Illinois, today) but during major feasts, could swell to 180,000.
Children in Jesus’ day played games similar to hopscotch and jacks. Whistles, rattles, toy animals on wheels, hoops, and spinning tops have been found by archaeologists. Older children and adults found time to play,...Read More
Many distinctions they made are difficult to translate into English. Still, all parties agreed on one thing: God is impassible, that is, he not subject to change or feelings. But how do you combine this with the Scriptures that imply Christ “became” human and suffered?
In particular, Christians argued passionately about two things:
Is Jesus Divine or Human?
Christ Is Fully Divine!
Most of these people were driven by the conviction that only God can save humankind. Thus they were willing to protect the deity of Christ, even at the expense of...Read More
WHAT WAS GOD TO DO in face of the dehumanizing of humankind, this universal hiding of the knowledge of himself by the wiles of evil spirits? What else could he possibly do but renew his image in humankind, so that through it people might once more come to know him? And how could this be done save by the coming of the very image himself, our Savior Jesus Christ? Human beings could not have done it, for they are only made after the image; nor could angels have done it, for they are not the images of God. The Word of God came in his own person,...Read More
To some, early church debates about Christ read like a computer programming language: impossible to decode. To others, the early church theology seems as relevant as the dress codes of a Carthusian monastery.
To help us understand what the early church was driving at in the millions of theological words it produced, Christian History talked with Thomas Oden, who teaches theology at Drew University. He is author of the three-volume systematic theology: The Living God, The Word of Life, and Life in the Spirit (Harper San Francisco, 1992)....Read More
My dear children, I am very anxious that you should know something about the history of Jesus Christ. For everybody ought to know about Him.
And when people seek ill of the Poor and Miserable, think how Jesus Christ went among them and taught them, and thought them worthy of his care.
And because he did such Good, and taught people how to love God and how to hope to go to Heaven after death, he was called Our Savior.
Remember!—It is christianity to do good always—even to those who do evil to us. It is christianity to love our neighbor as...Read More
JESUS DOES NOT FORBID the possession of property in itself. He was man, he ate and drank like his disciples, and thereby sanctified the good things of life. These necessities, which are consumed in use and which meet the legitimate requirements of the body, are to be used by the disciples with thankfulness. Earthly goods are given to be used, not to be collected. In the wilderness God gave Israel the manna every day, and they had no need to worry about food and drink. Indeed, if they kept any of the manna over until the next day, it went...Read More
THE WORLD JESUS ENTERED largely discriminated against women. He rejected the false criteria upon which the double standard was built. He measured men and women by the same standards, the inner qualities of character and not by such accidents of birth as ethnic or sexual differences. He affirmed women by His manner, example, and teaching.
The Manner of Jesus
Jesus included women where Jewish piety largely excluded them. Women were excluded from participation in synagogue worship, restricted to a spectator role, and forbidden to enter the...Read More
JULY 4, 325, WAS A MEMORABLE DAY. About 300 Christian bishops and deacons from the eastern half of the Roman Empire had come to Nicea, a little town near the Bosporus Straits flowing between the Black Sea and the Mediterranean.
In the conference hall where they waited was a table. On it lay an open copy of the Gospels. The emperor, Constantine the Great, entered the hall in his imperial, jewel-encrusted, multicolored brocades, but out of respect for the Christian leaders, without his customary train of soldiers. Constantine spoke only...Read More
A MODERN BIOGRAPHER of Athanasius of Alexandria speaks of “the predominantly polemical nature of most of his dogmatic works” and “the lack of serenity in his argumentation.” Understandably so! In all of Christian history, it is safe to say, few churchmen have been so entirely embroiled in doctrinal and ecclesiastical disputes as Athanasius. In one comparison with him, one ventures that even so controversial a figure as Martin Luther lived out a relatively quiet and uneventful life.
Born into a Christian Family in Alexandria in 295,...Read More
SHORTLY AFTER THE TURN OF THE SECOND CENTURY, Pliny the Younger, governor of Bithynia in Asia Minor, consulted Emperor Trajan about the rapidly spreading Christian “superstition” in his district, asking him what he should do about it. By interrogating a few people, Pliny learned that “on an appointed day,” Christians habitually met before daybreak and recited “a hymn to Christ, as to a god.”
These hymns, which go back to the earliest days of Christianity, sharply contradict the popular notion that the doctrine of the Incarnation is only a...Read More
PERHAPS THE BEST KNOWN STORY about Leo the Great, bishop of Rome from 440 to 461, is his encounter with Attila the Hun in 452. Attila and his army of Huns were marching on Rome. The Roman emperor and senate sought to dissuade him from attacking the city, so they sent an embassy of leading Romans, including Leo, who met Attila and managed to dissuade him from plundering Rome.
This story has acquired legendary accretions that magnify the role of Leo and introduce elements of the supernatural into the story. But what it does convey accurately...Read More
GRAFFITI EMBLAZONED ON WALLS, a vicious war of pamphlets, riots in the streets, lawsuits, catchy songs of ridicule ... It’s hard for modem Christians to imagine how such public turmoil could be created by an argument between theologians—or how God could work through the messiness of human conflict to bring the church to an understanding of truth.
To us, in retrospect, the Council of Nicaea is a veritable mountain in the landscape of the early church. For the protagonists themselves, it was more in the nature of an emergency meeting forced...Read More
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