The Vatican announces that Father Damien, famed for his work with lepers on Hawaii, will be canonized.Authority for the date:
Appointment of Bonaventure Dlamini, of the Franciscan Familiars of St. Joseph, as South Africa’s first black Catholic bishop.Authority for the date:
Dictionary of African Christian Biography.
Death of Ekvtime Takaishvili, a Georgian Orthodox historian and archaeologist who recovered lost information on the history of Georgia, founded a democratic party in his country and suffered in exile under the Soviets, while preserving a large and valuable collection of artifacts relating to Georgian history. The Georgian Orthodox Church will declare him a saint.Authority for the date:
- Walter Grand Taylor converts to Christianity in a hotel room. The conversion is brought on by his realization that his wife, who has just died, is already in heaven, while he is doomed. Twenty years later he will become head of the Pacific Garden Mission. Authority for the date: Henry, Carl F. The Pacific Garden Mission. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Zondervan, 1942.
Queen Ranavalona II of Madagascar and her court convert to Christianity and are baptized.Authority for the date:
Matthews, T.T. Thirty Years in Madagascar. London: Religious Tract Society, 1904.
Robert Southwell is hanged, drawn, and quartered. A Jesuit, he had lived secretly in London, providing priestly services for several years during the reign of Elizabeth I. After his capture he had undergone thirteen tortures.Authority for the date:
Pierre Cauchon, bishop of Beauvais, begins his interrogation of Joan of Arc. She will eventually be condemned as a heretic and burned at the stake.Authority for the date:
Durant, Will and Ariel. The Reformation. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1957.
Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV sends a sneering letter to Hildebrand (Pope Gregory VII) who is in council. The bishops scream for the messenger’s death but Hildebrand shields the man with his own body.Authority for the date:
Durant, Will and Ariel. The Age of Faith. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1950.