Christian History Institute

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Christian History

Caroline Chisholm

It Happened Today: Caroline Chisholm, Australian Immigrants’ Friend (1877)

She grew up steeped in a spirit of philanthropy.

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Hymns on Various Passages of Scripture

Devotional (2016 church year): Good Friday (1839)

Stricken, smitten by God, and afflicted —Isaiah 53:4 (ESV).

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Sister Elizabeth Fedde sails from Norway to New York where she will establish a deaconness ministry.

Authority for the date:

Fedde, Elizabeth. Diary.


Bishop Joseph A. Beebe writes a letter to the Index concerning the Colored Methodist Episcopal Church in North Carolina: “Time has shown that we are not a political Church. Our aim is the glory of God and the salvation of the souls of men. The peaceable manner of our Church has won for us the confidence of the majority of the most intelligent people of our State.”

Authority for the date:

Phillips, C. H. The History of the Colored Methodist Episcopal Church in America.


Metropolitan Germanos of Patra blesses the fighters at Agia Lavra and hoists the flag of the Greek War of Independence from Turkish rule in St. George’s Square at Patrai. His charisma encouraged the Greek fighters.

Authority for the date:


Five Anglican clergymen gather secretly at Woodbury, Connecticut, and choose Samuel Seabury as their prospective bishop. He will have to sail to Britain to obtain ordination.

Authority for the date:

Ferm, Vergilius. The American Church of the Protestant Heritage.

Antoine Daniel sails for New France where he will become one of eight Jesuits martyred. Authority for the date: O'Brien, John A. The American Martyrs. New York: Aplleton, Century, Crofts, 1953.

(Annunciation Day) Martyrdom of Margaret Clitherow (a Roman Catholic) at York, England, by crushing beneath a heavy oak door. She had hidden Catholic priests but refused to enter a plea so that her children would not be forced to testify under torture at a trial. As her ribs crack she cries, “Jesus! Jesus! Jesus! Have mercy on me.” Her body will be left under the weights for six hours then stuffed secretly in a rubbish heap.

Authority for the date:

Christian History 48 (1995).


Jan Ziska defeats the soldiers of Sigismund at the Battle of Sudomer, the second major battle of the Hussite wars.

Authority for the date:

Standard encyclopedias.


The Council of Pisa meets to depose rival popes and elect a third, who will call himself Alexander V. Since neither of the other two will accept the council’s authority, there will now be three popes instead of two.

Authority for the date:

Brusher, Joseph. Popes Through the Ages, Third Edition. Neff-Kane, 1980.


In defiance of Emperor Leo, who rejects the use of icons, Theodore the Studite has his monks march on Palm Sunday through their monastery vineyard in Constantinople, holding up icons so that they can be seen over the walls, eliciting a rebuke from the emperor.

Authority for the date:

Pratsch, Thomas. Theodoros Studites (759-826) — Zwischen Dogma und Pragma. Bern, Switzerland: Peter Lang, 199


Agrape, Chioma, and Irene, three sisters, are seized at Thessalonica during Diocletian’s persecution. The three will be burned—Irene after shameful exposure.

Authority for the date:

Foxe, John. Actes and Monuments.