Death of William Reed Newell, author of the gospel hymn “At Calvary.”Authority for the date:
Coyle, William. Ohio Authors and Their Books. World Publishing, 1962.
Death of Solomon Ginsberg, missionary to Brazil.Authority for the date:
Harrison, Eugene Myers. “Solomon L. Ginsburg: Firebrand of Brazil.”
- Death of Christian Socialist F. D. Maurice who had a strong influence on his generation, including men like James Clerk Maxwell. Authority for the date: Standard Encyclopedias.
Hampton Institute opens to begin its task of training freed slaves “hand, head, and heart,” that is, with a vocation, academics, and faith.Authority for the date:
Engs, Robert Francis. Educating the Disfranchised and Disinherited. Knoxville: Univ. of Tenn., 1999.
Jonathan Goble, a Baptist missionary, arrives with his wife at Kanagawa, Japan. Eleven years later, Mrs. Goble becomes ill and Jonathan determines to provide her with “gentle, outdoor exercise.” Rather than have her carried by four men, he designs a two-wheeled cart with long shafts to pull her in. His plans are stolen and soon rickshaws are in use throughout the entire Far East, providing work for thousands of men.Authority for the date:
Iglehart, Charles W. A Century of Protestant Christianity in Japan. Tokyo: Charles E. Tuttle, 1959.
Richard Allen, an ex-slave and African-American preacher, organizes the Free African Society, a self-help and mutual aid organization.Authority for the date:
David Brainerd arrives at Kaunaumeek, about 20 miles northwest of Stockbridge, Massachusetts, where he will serve as a missionary among the Housatonic Indians. He will start a school for Indian children and translate some Psalms.Authority for the date:
Catherine of Siena, an Italian mystic and peacemaker, claims to have received the stigmata (body marks corresponding to Christ’s wounds on the cross), visible only to herself. She will be known for persuading Pope Gregory XI to return to Rome and for The Dialogue of Divine Providence, written (according to friends) while conversing with God in ecstatic states. In 1970, Pope Paul VI will declare her a doctor of the church.Authority for the date:
Martyrdom of Abraham of Bulgaria. While living as an Islamic merchant, he converted to Christianity and is killed by Muslims for changing religions.Authority for the date:
Holweck, F. G. A Biographical Dictionary of the Saints. B. Herder, 1924.
The magistrates of Rome, carrying the banners of the city, greet Charlemagne three miles from Rome, sent forward by the pope to meet him.Authority for the date:
Johnson, Rossiter, ed. The Great Events by Famous Historians.