Death of Sun Yanli, a hymn-writer and an eminent leader in the Three-Self Patriotic Church, the government-sanctioned church of China. Despite his associations, he was cruelly persecuted for several years during the Cultural Revolution.Authority for the date:
Biographical Dictionary of Chinese Christianity.
Assassination in Memphis, Tennessee, of Baptist minister the Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr., a vocal advocate of civil rights.Authority for the date:
The BBC broadcasts “The New Man,” the seventh and last of C.S. Lewis’s pre-recorded fifteen-minute talks known as “Beyond Personality,” all of which will later be included in his book Mere Christianity.Authority for the date:
Death from pneumonia of Asa Mahan, an American holiness leader and the first president of Oberlin College and of Adrian College. One of the last things he said to his wife Mary was, “Let us praise God, my dear, for all his goodness today before you go.”Authority for the date:
Madden, Edward H. and James E. Hamilton. Freedom and Grace. Methuen, N.J.: Scarecrow Press, 1982.
Charles Wesley preaches his famous sermon, “Awake, thou that sleepest,” to the University of Oxford. Printed, the sermon will became Methodism’s most popular tract.Authority for the date:
Jackson, Thomas, ed. The Sermons of John Wesley.
Handel’s oratorio Israel in Egypt receives its first complete performance at the King’s Theatre, London.Authority for the date:
Upton, George P. Standard Oratorios.
King James II of England issues a Declaration of Indulgence, granting full liberty of worship in England. Because he goes around the constitution by not consulting Partliament, even its beneficiaries are displeased.Authority for the date:
King Charles II of England, still in exile, issues the Breda Declaration, making promises that he will violate soon after his return to England, among them “We do declare a liberty to tender consciences; and that no man shall be disquieted, or called in question, for differences of opinion in matters of religion which do not disturb the peace of the kingdom.” He will be a great persecutor of Presbyterians and of Independents such as John Bunyan.Authority for the date:
Death in Amsterdam of Episcopius, leading Arminian theologian.Authority for the date:
Leonard Kopp helps twelve nuns escape from their cloister, hidden in his fish barrels. One of them, Katherina von Bora, will wed Martin Luther.Authority for the date:
Emperor Alexius Comnenus is crowned emperor of the Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine). He will do much to restore its strength and his appeal to the West for military assistance will be a major factor in instituting the crusades.Authority for the date:
Death of controversial Pope Formosus. His bones will be exhumed and his corpse tried by Pope Stephen VI but he will be reburied with full honors in St. Peter’s the following year under Pope Romanus.Authority for the date:
Brusher, Joseph. Popes Through the Ages.
Death of Platon, an uncle of Theodore the Studite. The funeral oration Theodore composes for his uncle will become one of the most important sources for the history of Theodore’s family. (Theodore will be famous as a champion for the restoration of icons.)Authority for the date:
Pratsch, Thomas. Theodoros Studites (759-826) — Zwischen Dogma und Pragma. Bern, Switzerland: Peter Lang, 199
- Death of Isidore, archbishop of Seville, a Spanish scholar famous for his Etymologies, an encyclopedia of early medieval knowledge that used liberal arts and secular learning as the foundation of Christian education. Authority for the date: Standard encyclopedias.
Death of Ambrose of Milan, a bishop of many talents. He will later be considered one of the four Latin fathers. He had been one of the “tools” God used to lead Augustine of Hippo to Christ.Authority for the date: