Pope John XXIII issues his Pacem in Terris encyclical regarding the establishment of universal peace.Authority for the date:
The Handel and Haydn Society of Boston gives a full performance of Johann Sebastian Bach’s Passion according to St. Matthew.Authority for the date:
Lahee, Henry Charles. Music in America.
Death of George Augustus Selwyn, first bishop of New Zealand.Authority for the date:
Episcopal Church. Holy Women, Holy Men.
Sarah Platt Haines Doremus becomes the first president of the Women’s Union Missionary Society of America for Heathen Lands. She will become known as the “Mother of Missions.”Authority for the date:
Deen, Edith. Great Women of the Christian Faith. New York: Harper, 1959.
Death of John England, the first Roman Catholic bishop of Charleston, with a see embracing North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia, where he had planted numerous churches and left a well-organized clergy.Authority for the date:
Richard Allen becomes the first African-American bishop of the African Methodist Episcopal Church.Authority for the date:
Larsen, Timothy T., et al. Biographical Dictionary of Evangelicals. IVP Academic, 2003.
Repose (death) of James the Abbot of Zheleznoborov. An ascetic monk, he was famous for predicting the recovery of Sophia, wife of the Great Prince Basil, when she was seriously ill, and foretelling the safe birth of a son, which happened. He founded a monastery at Iron Pines, which was destroyed by Tatars in 1429. James and his monastic community survived by hiding in deep woods, rebuilt the place, and fed starving peasants.Authority for the date:
Assassination of Bishop Stanislaus of Krakow, Poland, murdered while he celebrated mass. He had incurred the enmity of King Boleslaw by excommunicating him for his many crimes.Authority for the date:
Pope Vigilius issues his Judicatum against the Three Chapters. As a result, the Bishops of Africa, Illyria, and Dalmatia, with two of his own confidential deacons, withdraw from his communion. Two years later, the African bishops will anathemize him and he will eventually withdraw the Judicatum.Authority for the date:
Schaff, Philip. Ecumenical Councils.