Christian History Institute

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Christian History

Johann Albrecht Bengel

It Happened Today: Johann Albrecht Bengel’s Textual Criticism (1687)

Puzzling differences in Bible versions demanded solutions—and Bengel offered them.

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Time Flies

Devotional (2016 church year): John the Baptist Was a Light (1886)

“He was a burning and shining lamp, and you were willing to rejoice for a...

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Metropolitan Michael of Toledo and Metropolitan Philip of New York sign articles of reunification, forming the united Antiochian Orthodox Christian Archdiocese of North America.

Authority for the date:


In the tenth year of the Coptic pope Kyrillos VI, relics of St. Mark, stolen by Venetians eleven centuries earlier, are returned to Cairo, Egypt.

Authority for the date:

Pope Shenouda III. St. Mark.


Death of James C. Sheafe, a learned African-American pastor, who brought African Americans into the Seventh-day Adventist movement, but also founded independent seventh-day movements because of disagreement with the racial teachings of the main movement. “That man could preach, and pray, and sing like nobody you have ever heard,” remarked another Adventist preacher who had heard most of the early Adventists.

Authority for the date:


An imperial decree orders the killing of foreigners throughout China. The uprising is not primarily anti-Christian, but missionaries and Chinese converts will be the chief sufferers.

Authority for the date:

Christian History 52 (1996).


Consecration in New York of Samuel David Ferguson, the first African-American Bishop of the Protestant Episcopal Church.

Authority for the date:

African American Registry.


Nikolai, future missionary from Russia to Japan, becomes a monk.

Authority for the date:

Orthodox Wiki.


Death of Henry Venn, the elder, an evangelical pastor and author of considerable influence in eighteenth-century England, father of John Venn (a leader in the Clapham Sect that did so much to ameliorate social conditions in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries), and grandfather of the notable mission leader Henry Venn, the younger.

Authority for the date:

Ryle, J.C. Five Christian Leaders of the Eighteenth Century. London: Banner of Truth Trust, 1960.


Two young Lutheran pastors, Andreas Rudman and Erik Bjork, arrive in Maryland to the astonishment of local Swedes and Finns who had no idea they were coming.

Authority for the date:

Louhi, E. A. The Delaware Finns. New York: Humanity Press, 1925.


The Wissahickon Hermits (Pietists) land in Philadelphia.

Authority for the date:

Christian History 10 (1986).


Nero begins the first imperial persecution of Christians.

Authority for the date:

Snyder, Louis L. et al. Panorama of the Past I. New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1966.