Christian History Institute

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Christian History

Pulcheria coin

It Happened Today: Pulcheria, the Orthodox Empress (414)

She managed an empire well and brought about a major church council.

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Devotional (2016 church year): What is freedom? (1887)

Happy are you, O Israel! Who is like you? — Deuteronomy 33:29 (ESV).

Let us...

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An “Orthodox Congress” demonstrates in Jerusalem, working with the Palestine Authority to take control of the Patriarchate of Jerusalem.

Authority for the date:

“The PA’s attempts to take over Christian churches & communities in Jerusalem.” (Via IMRA)


Kathryn Kuhlman preaches her first sermon in Carnegie Hall. She will become a well-recognized evangelist and faith healer.

Authority for the date:

Biographical Dictionary of Evangelicals.


Excommunication of Roman Catholic priest Edward McGlynn takes effect. He was viewed as insubordinate for taking socialist positions not authorized by the church, including supporting Henry George for mayor of New York City, and then failing to obey a summons to present himself in Rome. Pope Leo XIII will lift the excommunication in 1892.

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Missionary Dan Beach Bradley establishes the first newspaper in Siam—the Bangkok Reporter.

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Captain Allen Gardiner founds the Patagonian Mission. He will perish in its service in 1851.

Authority for the date:

The Church at Home and Abroad. (November 1894) 452.


Death in Lexington, Missouri, of Finis Ewing, one of the founders of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church.

Authority for the date:


The national hymn “America” is first sung in public at a children’s celebration of Independence Day, at the Park St. Church, Boston. The words had been written that February by the Rev. Samuel F. Smith and are sung to the tune of “God Save the King.”

Authority for the date:

Lahee, Henry Charles. Annals of Music in America.

Death of John Cennick, English clergyman. Born of Quaker parents, he had been raised in the Anglican Church, worked within the Methodist movement under John Wesley, left Wesley to work with George Whitefield, and finally, in 1845, joined the Moravian Brethren. Cennick had published several collections of hymns during his lifetime. Authority for the date: Standard encyclopedias.
Antoine Daniel, a Jesuit who taught the Hurons many hymns in their own language, is martyred by the Iroquois. Authority for the date: O'Brien, John A. The American Martyrs. New York: Apelleton, Century, Crofts, 1953.

John Frith (Fryth) is burned at the stake in Smithfield by King Henry VIII of England. A Protestant and fellow translator with William Tyndale, he had been accused of heresy.

Authority for the date:

Standard encyclopedias.


Saladin defeats Christians in Palestine at the Battle of Hattin.

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The remains of Martin of Tours are moved (translated) from the small church where they have lain for decades to the new and larger Church of St. Martin of Tours constructed at the instigation of Archbishop Perpetuus of Tours, who will in due course be buried at his famous predecessor’s feet.

Authority for the date:

Wace, Henry. A Dictionary of Christian Biography and Literature....


Against his will, Martin is consecrated bishop of Tours. To escape the press of the world, he had founded the first monastery in France.

Authority for the date:

Catholic Encyclopedia.


A jewel-encrusted Emperor Constantine appears before the Council of Nicea that he has assembled, declaring that “Division in the church is worse than war.”

Authority for the date:

Christian History 28 (1990).