Christian History Institute

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Christian History

Richard Trench

It Happened Today: Wordsmith Trench (1835)

The author of New Testament Synonyms was adventurous and idealistic in his youth.

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Daily Hymn Book

Devotional (2016 church year): Christ defends the weak (1838)

Cast down, but not destroyed —2 Corinthians 4:9 (KJV).

Cast down, but not...

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Unidentified opponents behead Rev. Pau Za Khen, a sixty-two-year-old Lutheran pastor in northeastern India’s Manipur. Khen had been abducted from his daughter’s home by four men the previous day. He was found with his hands tied behind his back and his eyes blindfolded.

Authority for the date:

HCJB Global.


Close of an exhibit at New York's Metropolitan Museum of Art featuring three hundred and fifty icons from thirty countries. At an opening address for the exhibit, Patriarch Bartholomew had said, “May the works in this exhibit lead us to the right path of true faith from which true spiritual power derives.”

Authority for the date:

The Met.


Death of Helmut Richard Niebuhr, theologian, Yale professor, and author of Christ and Culture.

Authority for the date:

Standard encyclopedias.


Charles Pean, a Salvation Army worker, sails as a misisionary to notorious Devil’s Island.

Authority for the date:


Death of English theologian William Burt Pope. His Compendium of Christian Theology had set forth in three volumes the strongest arguments of his day for the holiness doctrine of Methodism.

Authority for the date:

Biographical Dictionary of Evangelicals.


During the Kensington riots, Protestants wheel a brace of cannon to St. Phillip Neri’s church in Philadelphia. The local militia defend the church, several people die, and Irish Catholics are indicted for murder and rioting.

Authority for the date:


Death of ministerial student Michael Bruce at twenty-one years of age. He had written the hymn “How Happy is the Child Who Hears” and other poems showing some talent but did not receive credit for them for a hundred years, his literary executor having passed them off as his own productions.

Authority for the date:

Theron Brown and Hezekiah Butterworth. The Story of the Hymns and Tunes.


Thomas Belson is hanged at Oxford, England, for assisting Catholic priests who were operating despite laws against the practice of their religion.

Authority for the date:

Catholic Encyclopedia.


At the request of the States of Holland and Zealand, William of Orange assumes “entire authority, as sovereign and chief of the land” as long as war with Spain shall continue. The conflict pitted Protestants vs. Catholics.

Authority for the date:

Titus Mooney Merriman. William, Prince of Orange.


Balthasar Hübmaier publishes On the Christian Baptism of Believers in which he takes issue with Zwingli’s handling of baptism and Anabaptists.

Authority for the date:

Philip Schaff. History of the Christian Church.


Delegates of the Orthodox Greeks sign an Act of Union with the Roman Catholic church, accepting the Latin formulas. However, the union will never take place, because the laity and clergy of the Orthodox church will resoundingly reject the agreement.

Authority for the date:


The hermit Peter de Murrhone becomes Pope Celestine V. Unfit for the position, he will resign within six months.

Authority for the date:

Standard encyclopedias.


(tentative date) Death of Athanasius the Athonite when the cupola of his church collapses. He had been notable for bringing monastic order to the hermits of Mt. Athos, Greece.

Authority for the date:



Consecration of Pope Martin I, known for his opposition to Monothelitism, the teaching that, although Christ had two wills—the human and the divine—the divine will was so dominant that it deprived the human of any ability to act.

Authority for the date:

Brusher, Joseph. Popes Through the Ages.