Kenneth Pike is awarded the Doctor of Philosophy, honoris causa, from Albert Ludwig University of Freiburg, Germany, giving a lecture on “Language and Living.”Authority for the date:
Summer Institute of Linguistics. “Kenneth L. Pike (1912–2000); A Chronology of His Life and Work.”
Death of Kidana-Wald Kefle, an Orthodox Ethiopian scholar who devoted his life to learning, including writing a commentary on Ezekiel and compiling a Ge’ez-Amharic dictionary, a Hebrew-Ge’ez dictionary, and other works.Authority for the date:
Dictionary of African Christian Biography.
James Stewart sails from Southhampton, England, to South Africa on the Celt. In South Africa he will found an important training center for African Christians.Authority for the date:
Davies, Horton. Great South African Christians.
- Death of Granville Sharp. He had contested slavery and won an important ruling that no person could remain a slave upon English soil. Sharp was also a Bible scholar who established an important rule for translating a particular Greek construction. Authority for the date: Standard encyclopedias.
Death of Pietist religious leader Conrad Beissel, who had emigrated to America from Germany, and founded Ephrata Community in Pennsylvania, where celibacy was encouraged and vegetarianism practiced along with much hymn singing. Beissel had developed a musical system that he claimed he received from angels.Authority for the date:
Death of the Protestant king Edward VI of England, which results in the declaration of Lady Jane Grey as queen, a position she holds only a few days before the Catholic Mary Tudor ascends the throne.Authority for the date:
As friends arrive for dinner, Luther feels an intense buzzing in his left ear and goes to lie down, when suddenly he calls, “Water … or I’ll die!” Afterward he experiences bouts of depression. To combat them, he will eventually write the famous hymn “A Mighty Fortress Is Our God.”Authority for the date:
Christian History 39 (1993).
- Jan Hus, Czech reformer, is burned at the stake in Constance, Germany for “heresy.” He had been outspoken in his appeals for church reform and for political and religious rights for the common people. Authority for the date: Standard encyclopedias.