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Christian History

Isaac Jogues

It Happened Today: Isaac Jogues Surrenders to Torture (1643)

His duty to his converts overrode his instinct to self-preservation.

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D. L. Moody Year Book

Devotional (2016 church year): God kept his promise to Abraham (1900)

And I will make of you a great nation, and I will bless you and make your...

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Death from tuberculosis of Liu Tingfang, a prominent Presbyterian educator and church leader in China.

Authority for the date:

Biographical Dictionary of Chinese Christianity.


Edith Stein is seized at her convent by the S.S. and taken to a concentration camp in the Netherlands. A Jewish-Catholic philosopher, she had rejected an opportunity to escape to Switzerland because she refused to abandon her sister who could not obtain a visa.

Authority for the date:

Oben, Freda Mary. Edith Stein: Scholar, Feminist and Saint. Alba House, 1988.


Burial in Tobolsk of the Orthodox bishop Vladyka Hermogenes whom the Bolsheviks had martyred in June for his outspoken censure of their evil behavior.

Authority for the date:

Moss, Vladimir. Holy New Martyrs and Confessors of the Urals, Siberia and Central Asia.


Death of Samuel David Ferguson, a leading educator and bishop of the Episcopal Church in Liberia, and the first African American elected a bishop of the Episcopal Church, although he served in that capacity only in Liberia.

Authority for the date:

Episcopal Church. Holy Women, Holy Men.


Death of Frederik Franson, missions pioneer. As a young man, Frederik Franson had collapsed from exhaustion and malaria while working a farm in Nebraska. During his recovery, he had read the Bible and became convinced he needed Christ in his life. Afterward, in 1890, Franson had founded T.E.A.M. (The Evangelical Alliance Mission) in Chicago. In his mission work, he had often encountered persecution and had even been jailed for his faith activities.

Authority for the date:

Standard encyclopedias.


Sergius Georgievich Golubyatnikov is ordained to the Orthodox priesthood in Russia, taking the name Seraphim. He will rise to become a bishop but will be imprisoned in 1917 for condemning the Bolsheviks’ February revolution. He will become the first prisoner at the Novospassky monastery when it is converted to a prison and will be executed (it is thought) in 1921.

Authority for the date:

Moss, Vladimir. Holy New Martyrs and Confessors of the Urals, Siberia and Central Asia.

Isaac Hecker makes his confession and is received into the church. He will found the Paulists to convert Americans to Catholic Christianity. Authority for the date: O'Brien, John A. Giants of the Faith. New York: Image Books, 1960.

Joseph Chiwatenhwa, a Huron Christian is butchered as he carries a message for the Jesuits. When his murdered body is brought to his cabin his wife says nothing for a few moments, then observes, “I have often heard him say ‘He who is the master of us all has so arranged it. What can we do about it?’ ” So afire for Christ had he been that the other Indians simply called him “the Christian.”

Authority for the date:

O'Brien, John A. The American Martyrs. New York: Appleton, Century, Crofts, 1953.


Martyrdom of James Abbes. The bishop of Norwich had tried to convince him to recant and given him money. When Abbes returns and throws down the money, saying he was wrong to have accepted it, the bishop again reasons with him but finally hands him over to secular authorities to be burned alive at Bury.

Authority for the date:

Foxe, John. Actes and Monuments.